Arequipa is a city located in southern Peru. The city stands at the foot of the Misti, Chachani and Pichu Picchu volcanoes.
Arequipa has colonial buildings built of sillar, a pearly white volcanic rock used extensively in the construction of the city, from which it gets its nickname “La Ciudad Blanca” (“the white city”).
The city was founded on 15 August 1540, under the name of “Beautiful Villa of Our Lady of the Assumption” in the name of Marquis Francisco Pizarro. On 22 September 1541, the monarch Carlos V ordered that it should be called the “City of Arequipa”. During the viceregal period, it acquired importance for its outstanding economic role, and is characterized by the fidelismo towards the Spanish Crown, which honored Arequipa with titles such as “Very Noble and Very Loyal.” In the Republican history of Peru, the city has been the focus of popular, civic and democratic rebellions. It has also been the cradle of notable intellectual, political and religious figures. In the Republican era, it was awarded the title of “Heroic city of the free people of Arequipa”.
Its historical center extends over an area of 332 hectares and has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Historical heritage and monumental that it houses and its diverse scenic and cultural spaces turn it into a host city of national and international tourism, in its historical center it highlights the religious architecture viceregal and republican product of mixture of Spanish and autochthonous characteristics, that constituted an own stylistic school called “Arequipeña School” whose influence arrived in Potosí (Bolivia).
The tour takes 4 hours, this is a walking tour to the historical and colonial center of Arequipa. During the raining season (December to March) we advise to do this trip in the morning.
- Cathedral Of Arequipa
- Church and Jesuit Cloisters
- Santuarios Andinos Museum of the Juanita Mummy
- Santa Catalina monastery